There are three common organizational structures, and project managers work in all of them: functional, project, and matrix. A project team needs to have structure and one of the most important parts is ensuring everyone knows their roles and responsibilities. The following are a few benefits of the functional organizational structure: Employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, allowing them to achieve high performance. This system provides ample opportunities for minute specialization to its maximum extent. This is the capacity to move from centralized bureaucratic structures to interrelated but … section 3, advantages of functional structure will be discussed, in section 4, challenges of functional structure and operational issues. It will lead to poor communication and coordination across functional … ” Projectized Organization “ Nowadays, many organizations operate in an effective environment that they tend to focus on the outcomes of the project by using different management approaches. The organizational structure determines how the organization performs or operates. Functional expertise and efficiency. Within a hierarchical organizational structure, clear lines of communication are established for everyone. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of functional, projectized, and matrixed organizational structures. If you’ve had a job, you likely worked in a functional organizational structure. One advantage of this sort of flatter hierarchy is that it is easier for employees to communicate with each other and it facilitates learning. Advantages of a Functional Structure. Alignment of corporate and divisional goals. This results in more and better work being accomplished in much lesser time. Each group of specialists can therefore operate independently with management acting as the point of cross-communication between functional areas. Despite the advantages of the functional organizational structure, it can also twist the fundamental process and decision flow within a business, with the following results: Fast growth. Benefit of Specialization. A functional organizational structure has a vertical and disconnected structure in which communication flows through the functional managers to the top management. Complexity: Matrix structure is complex in nature due to the combination of two organizational structures: Functional structure is simple and convenient to manage. Answer (1 of 5): The main advantage of a functionally-structured organisation is that the workforce will be divided into specialised groups and employees will have no difficulties in understanding what is expected of them. A functional organizational structure is the most common of the three organizational structures adopted by most companies. Management layers characterize bureaucratic organizations. The term organizational structure refers to how the people in an organization are grouped and to whom they report. 7. II. This note introduces basic principles of organizational design and the advantages of several common organizational structures. A Functional organizational structure has several advantages and disadvantages when it comes to managing projects: Advantages. 1. The following are the advantages of functional organisation structure: (1) Benefits of Specialisation: The whole company is divided into many departments on the basis of major activities to be performed. Communication between them suffers, and with it goes easy coordination and cooperation. The functional structure is commonly found in small companies and also in large companies with single product line or narrow product ranges. When an organization is structured in a functional way, it is important to know what are the advantages and disadvantages of this choice. Everyone is going to be better off with the organizational structure that fits the project team and parent organization best. Each department is headed by an expert manager. Disadvantages: 1. Functional organization structure is suitable for small as well as those entities that offer one type of services or products regularly; for example, medical clinics, car-repairing shops, hotels, and restaurants. Functional departments arguably permit greater operational efficiency because employees with shared skills and knowledge are grouped together by functions performed. Merits of functional organization: The following are the merits of functional organization. This will reduce communication channels. As long as […] Functional Structure The functional structure in the firm’s organizational structure divides different functions into different groups such as the marketing department, finance department and human resources department. These "tall" organizations are the most traditional organizational structure. Hierarchical structure of an organization usually has vertical levels leading up to the top head – the CEO or Managing director. Employees in entry-level positions would receive their daily assignments from their direct supervisor. Advantages & Disadvantages of Bureaucratic Organizational Structure. 2. The matrix organizational structure is a combination of two or more different kinds of organizational structures, such as project management or functional management. A matrix structure is, strictly speaking, where we have multiple bosses – more than one formal reporting line, whether solid or dotted. The following are some advantages of the functional organization structure: Types of Organizational Structures Functional. A functional organizational structure is one of the most effective setup based on which organization functions. Employees are possible to become experts. Advantages of the hierarchical organizational structure are many, the most impelling of which is that your employees will have clearly defined roles and responsibilities, and a sense purpose in accomplishing those roles. Functional structure divides the organization based on specialized functional areas such as production, marketing, and sales for the purpose of management. Functional organisational structure refers to the structure in which different departments are created on the basis of major functions performed in the organisation. The main difference between functional and divisional structure is that in functional organization is described as an organizational structure wherein, the employees are classified on the basis of their area of specialization. Their roles and responsibilities are fixed, facilitating easy accountability for the work. Hybrid Organisational Structure: Exhibit 10.9 (a) illustrates the hybrid organisational structure. The advantages of functional organization structure Lauren Nelson - Updated April 17, 2017 Every business or organisation is structured differently, depending on its needs and goals. Advantages of the Functional Organizational Structure. Functional Organizational Structure has developed from increasing complexity of business operations, par­ticularly in production department, and the need to have specialists to aid line personnel. Employees do not report to multiple managers. The functional structure is based on an organization being divided up into smaller groups with specific tasks or roles. Each employee will report to his direct functional manager. Expertise Knowledge. List of the Advantages of a Hierarchical Organizational Structure 1. Every organization functions on some basic principles and a particular structure. A functional structure is such that the Organizational’s activities are grouped according to its purpose or areas of specialization. Different organizational structures that combine to form Starbuck’s matrix structure are divisional structure, functional structure, and team-based structure. 3. 1. Though the functional organizational structure gives employees a sense of belonging within each departmental area, the structure creates space between departments. Let’s start with the advantages: No change. This is the simplest & the most prevalent form of organizational structure. The layers give bureaucracies a vertical thrust when laid out in an organizational chart. Let’s try to clear ideas by listing the advantages and disadvantages of this organization. Functional Structure: Under the functional structure, the organisation is designed on the basis of the basic functions, namely, production, finance and accounting, marketing and personnel. The organizational structure could group those who work in a specific department together, or the grouping could be based on those who work in a functional area such as finance or marketing. The advantages of a functional organizational structure. 2. In the functional structure, such as shown in the following Facebook organizational chart, functions are separated into different groups, resulting in some defects.Here are the major disadvantages you must consider: Create Your Own Org Charts! 2. Adaptability and flexibility in divisions. Exhibit 10.9 (b) illustrates a combination structure. Functional organization structure It creates a defined structure for communication. A functional organization structure is one of the most popular organizational structures that is used to run a business effectively and earn great revenues for the company. Functional organization in one form or the other exists in all business concerns, particularly at the top. Functional organization structure is optimal for small businesses or companies producing standardized goods or services.. Functional Organization Structure Main Advantages: Offers a high level of specialization. Advantages of the Functional Organizational Structure. Divisional Structure. Functional Structure. While it has its advantages, it also has a few disadvantages. 2. Advantages: 1. An organizational structure, so designed that it is bifurcated into semi-autonomous divisions on the basis of product, service, market etc, is known as divisional structure. Functional Structure: . Remedies of functional and operational issues will make up section 5 while the paper ends in section 6 conclusion. Appropriateness The hierarchy is clear. A functional organizational structure is a structure that consists of activities such as coordination, supervision and task allocation. Advantages: When a company is growing rapidly and is therefore continually modifying its operations to meet changing conditions, the functional structure can reduce the speed with which changes are made. This approach involves a considerable amount of process standardization within a business, with the real decision making authority centered at the top of the organization . Functional division also makes it difficult for departments to understand larger company concerns. Let's take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of each so you know what you're up against when you join a new structure. 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