He had the image of the tiger on his flag. N.B. Q47. They were political or commercial agents and their job was to serve and further the interests of the Company. management of Indian affairs. A visitor to the Cape in 1824 has left a moving account of what he saw at a slave auction: Having learned that there was to be sale of cattle, farm-stock, etc by auction, … we halted our wagon for the purpose of procuring fresh oxen. What will be your feelings? Soldiers were increasingly subjected to European-style training, drill and discipline that regulated their life far more than before. Look at these maps along with a present- day political map of India. Each was ruled by a Governor. loyalty of the people. Write a short note on Subedar Sitaram Pande. The Mughal army was mainly composed of cavalry (sawars: trained soldiers on horseback) and infantry, that is, paidal (foot) soldiers. Delhi was recaptured from the rebel forces in By 1857 the Company came to exercise direct rule over about 63 per cent of the territory and 78 per cent of the population of the Indian subcontinent. Finally, in 1765 the Mughal emperor appointed the Company as the Diwan of the provinces of Bengal. Here is a legend about Tipu Sultan who became the ruler of Mysore in 1782. They were often seen as upstarts and social climbers in British society and were ridiculed or made fun of in plays and cartoons. 11 a, b, c – Expansion of British territorial power in India. Rani Although its origins, like the Mughals themselves, were in the cavalry-based armies of central Asia, its essential form and structure was established by the empire's third emperor, Akbar. Describe the changes that occurred in the composition of the Company’s army. Dharmashastras – Sanskrit texts prescribing social rules and codes of behaviour, composed from c. 500 BCE onwards, Musket – A heavy gun used by infantry soldiers, Matchlock – An early type of gun in which the powder was ignited by a match. Murshid Quli Khan was followed by Alivardi Khan and then Sirajuddaulah as the Nawab of Bengal. But officials of the Company, who were carrying on private trade on the side, were expected to pay duty. Puppet – Literally, a toy that you can move with strings. Cannons were … Imagine that you have come across two old newspapers reporting on the Battle of Seringapatam and the death of Tipu Sultan. He served the English for 48 years and retired in 1860. The treaties that followed the Battle of Buxar forced Nawab Shujauddaulah to give up much of his authority. Sind was taken over in 1843. It wanted more territories and more revenue. (c) Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the ruler of Punjab. This process, however, did not go unchallenged. Q50. How did British plan to bring Mughal dynasty to an end? The Company was still unwilling to take over the responsibility of administration. After this he came to be known as the “Tiger of Mysore”. This they refused to pay, causing an enormous loss of revenue for Bengal. dynasty to an end. Kings are often surrounded by legend and their powers glorified through folklore. Each district was to have two courts – a criminal court (faujdari adalat) and a civil court (diwani adalat). Three major military campaigns were fought by Emperor Babur. Then he marched to Calcutta to establish control over the Company’s fort there. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'educationwithfun_com-box-3','ezslot_0',112,'0','0'])); Ans. The tears, the anxiety, the anguish of the mother, while she … cast heart-rending look upon her children, and the simplicity and touching sorrow of the poor young ones while they clung to their distracted parent … contrasted with the marked insensitivity and jocular countenances of the spectators. The king himself appointed the mansabdars. Aurangzeb’s farman, for instance, had granted only the Company the right to trade duty free. What were the areas of conflict between the Bengal nawabs and the East India Company? This solved a major problem that the company had earlier faced. In the words of Stanely Lane-Poole, “As some imperial corpse preserved for age in its dead seclusion, crowned and armed and still majestic, yet falls to the dust at the breath of heaven, so fell the Empire of the Mughals when the great name that guarded it … Enraged by the humiliating way in which the Nawab was deposed, the people of Awadh joined the great revolt that broke out in 1857. Imagine that you are a nawab’s nephew and have been brought up thinking that you will one day be king. Collect pictures, stories, poems and information about any of the following – the Rani of Jhansi, Mahadji Sindhia, Haidar Ali, Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Lord Dalhousie or any other contemporary ruler of your region. The Mughal army also failed to keep pace with the time. Later on, the highest number of mansabs was raised from 10,000 to 12,000; thus there was no fixed number of … Ans. If this could be done without conquest, through the help of local rulers who were willing to grant privileges, then territories need not be taken over directly. How did they react to the changes in their lives and their identity – that is, their sense of who they were? For example, when the British tried to annex the small state of Kitoor (in Karnataka today), Rani Channamma took to arms and led an anti-British resistance movement. The British were furious. transferred to the British Crown in order to ensure a more responsible What did it mean to be nawabs? But Rayanna, a poor chowkidar of Sangoli in Kitoor, carried on the resistance. Powers of the East India Company were ... Write a note on Shah-Jahan military campaigns. Answer: To pacify the moderate leaders, the government announced the Indian Councils Act, popularly known as the Morley-Minto Reforms. captured, tried and killed in April 1859. There were 33 categories of the Mansabdars. Or. 1856 the Company passed a new law which stated that every new person who took Thus the East India Company was transformed from a trading company to a territorial colonial power. Lastly in the name of human nature itself, in the name of both the sexes, in the name of every age, in the name of every rank, I impeach the common enemy and oppressor of all. be shifted out of the Red Fort and given another place in Delhi to reside in. 8 – Cornwallis receiving the sons of Tipu Sultan as hostages, painted by Daniel Orme, 1793. CBSE Class 8 History Chapter 5 Important Questions. The French East India Company had a similar remit. This is what James Mill, the famous economist and political philosopher from Scotland, wrote about the residents appointed by the Company. Its main feature were as follows. The Mansabdars were ranked based on the number of men that they had raised and the ranking system became known as mansab. The fine qualities of cotton and silk produced in India had a big market in Europe. Now revenues from India could finance Company expenses. Through the early eighteenth century the conflict between the Company and the nawabs of Bengal intensified. By 1778 a code of Muslim laws was also compiled for the benefit of European judges. When Alivardi Khan died in 1756, Sirajuddaulah became the nawab of Bengal. Having failed to work with puppet nawabs, Clive declared: “We must indeed become nawabs ourselves.”. He be shifted out of the Red Fort and given another place in Delhi to reside in. As long as the prince acts in perfect subservience, and does what is agreeable to the residents, that is, to the British Government, things go on quietly; they are managed without the resident appearing much in the administration of affairs … but when anything of a different nature happens, the moment the prince takes a course which the British Government think wrong, then comes clashing and disturbance. He devised a policy that came to be known as the Doctrine of Lapse. Write a short note on ‘Babur’? These solutions for The Mughal Empire are extremely popular among Class 7 students for Social science The Mughal Empire Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. 9. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 3 Ruling the Countryside. Halhed translated this digest into English. They were given training in archery (teer-andazi) and the use of the sword. the storm centres of the revolt. You will notice, for example, that the Afghans were an immediate threat to Mughal authority. Mughal architecture, building style that flourished in northern and central India from the mid-16th to the late 17th century under the patronage of the Mughal emperors. Many of them came from humble backgrounds and their uppermost desire was to earn enough in India, return to Britain and lead a comfortable life. On retirement he was persuaded by his Commanding So when Find out about the culture, architecture and the life of Europeans and Indians of the city during the colonial period. This time the British had an added argument – they said they were “obliged by duty” to take over Awadh in order to free the people from the “misgovernment” of the Nawab! Let us see how this happened. Ans. The arrival of new steam technology in the early nineteenth century also aided this process. There he came face to face with a tiger. Each company servant began to have visions of living like nawabs. ii. All contents provided by us are based on best of our knowledge. During Mughal Akbar's reign the mansabs (ranks) ranged from 10 to 5,000 troops. They were sold separately, and to different purchasers. It imagined that Russia might expand across Asia and enter India from the north-west. The Company was worried about his power and keen on a puppet ruler who would willingly give trade concessions and other privileges. Now you find that this will not be allowed by the British because of the new Doctrine of Lapse. Class 7; The Mughal Empire; CBSE History Class 7. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'educationwithfun_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',102,'0','0'])); Ans. Once the revolt was put down by the company, Bahadur Shah Zafar was forced to leave the kingdom, and his sons were shot in cold blood. On June 22, 1555, they met in battle. Main provisions of the Act of 1858 were: i. Study it carefully and see if you can notice any long-term patterns. route. This is the picture of a big mechanical toy that Tipu possessed.You can see a tiger mauling a European soldier. Question 3. Q49. In order to protect its interests it was justified in annexing or threatening to annex any Indian kingdom. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the Company appointed Residents in Indian states. 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